A philosophical puzzle for you:
- Alan and Alex believe P.
- Bettie and Bob believe Q.
- All four of them examine their beliefs through rational reflection.
- Alan cannot justify P, but finds rational proof of Q, so changes his mind to Q.
- Alex can justify P with rational proof, so continues to believe P.
- Bettie cannot justify Q, but finds rational proof for P, so changes her mind to P.
- Bob can justify Q with rational proof, so continues to believe Q.
- Alan changes his mind to agree with Bob.
- Bettie changes her mind to agree with Alex.
- Both Alex and Bob do not change their mind, and continue to disagree.
- All four have some rational justification for their belief.
- Which, if any, is a subversive or progressive? Alan and Bettie?
- Which, if any, is a traditionalist or conservative? Alex and Bob?
- Which, if any, is open-minded? All of them?
- Which, if any, is close-minded? All of them?
Do you need to know the content of P and Q before answering these questions? Is there anyway to define a traditionalist apart from the content of the tradition?
Is there any way to define a revolutionary apart from the content of the revolution?